Electrospun nanofibers can be prepared with tunable diameters in the range of 100 to 200 nm and continuous length, which entangle in the form of a web as they are produced. Since electrospinning allows preparation of these webs in a layer-by-layer fashion, the layers’ fiber diameter, thickness, and material can be individually selected and controlled. This, in turn, allows easy manipulation of the porosity, surface area, and thickness of the nanoscaffold.
Nanoscaffolds inherently provide a large surface area and high porosity structure with tunable chemical and physical properties. As a result, they find applicability in a variety of technology areas. Whether a minority component or the predominant structure in a product, the nanoscaffold material introduces new functionalities or enhances existing properties that are critical to overall product performance. The table below shows examples of nanoscaffolds’ attributes and related application areas: